Child Human Rights Defenders


Implementation Guide

5.3. Public Awareness and Training for Professionals


CRC Article 42

Parties undertake to make the principles and provisions of the Convention widely known, by appropriate and active means, to adults and children alike.


DHRD Article 15

The State has the responsibility to promote and facilitate the teaching of human rights and fundamental freedoms at all levels of education and to ensure that all those responsible for training lawyers, law enforcement officers, the personnel of the armed forces and public officials include appropriate elements of human rights teaching in their training programme.


DHRD Article 16

Individuals, non-governmental organizations and relevant institutions have an important role to play in contributing to making the public more aware of questions relating to all human rights and fundamental freedoms through activities such as education, training and research in these areas to strengthen further, inter alia, understanding, tolerance, peace and friendly relations among nations and among all racial and religious groups, bearing in mind the various backgrounds of the societies and communities in which they carry out their activities.

States are under a general obligation to promote public awareness of human rights among the general public and a specific obligation to promote awareness of the CRC and thus children’s rights. Articles 15 and 16 of the Declaration underline the need for human rights education and training to enable the work of all HRDs. The importance of public awareness strategies, including for parents, along with specific training for professionals such as teachers and the police cannot be understated for CHRDs, many of whom report resistance to their activities from non-State actors. The barriers which result from this can take a number of forms: reluctance to accept that children have rights; reluctance to accept that children can or should act as HRDs; and a lack of awareness of the scope or nature of children’s human rights which results in adults adopting positions that emphasize protection rather than empowerment. Schools and NHRIs have a significant role to play in promoting understanding and awareness of children’s human rights with children, parents, professional who work with children and the public (see sections 3.3 and 4.1). However, it should not be left to them alone.

Statutory Duty to Promote Knowledge of the Convention

Under the Rights of Children and Young Persons (Wales) Measure 2011, Welsh Ministers must take such steps as are appropriate to promote knowledge and understanding amongst the public (including children) of the Convention and the Protocols.

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Table of Contents



Child Human Rights Defender


Convention on the Rights of the Child


Children’s Rights Impact Assessment


Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities


Human Rights Defender


International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights


National Human Rights Institution


Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights


Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure


Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe


Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children 


Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict

The Committee

Committee on the Rights of the Child 

The Declaration or DHRD

The United Nations Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

The Special Rapporteur

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders


United Nations