Child-friendly Justice

Monitoring, Redress, Remedies

There is a wide range of national and international actors that monitor the situation of HRDs, promote or implement preventative measures, and support HRDs to seek remedies or redress for breaches of their rights.1 Access to remedies and redress not only is important to render justice to the victims, but also because it can lead to jurisprudence that can help improve the implementation of the rights of CHRDs. This is particularly important as there is a lack of jurisprudence on the civil and political rights and on CHRDs. However, to date, few national or international actors, including those who work specifically with children or with CHRDs have paid attention to the distinct needs and challenges of CHRDs in terms of access to support, redress and remedies.

  • First CHRDs may not be aware of the existence of institutions and organizations that can provide support and assistance and that places an onus on those entities to ensure that the services they provide are publicized widely in ways that will reach all children.
  • Secondly, children must be able to access the support, remedies and redress provided. That will require such institutions and organizations to communicate in child-friendly language and, where necessary, provide financial assistance and independent representation. An additional challenge in many contexts is that children often do not have the legal standing to initiate or take action independently or in their own name. 
  • Finally, given that children are still developing and that there are immediate obligations regarding their protection from harm, there is an additional need to provide remedies that are prompt and that promote transformative reparations and guarantees of non-repetition.

All of these issues need to be considered and addressed by national and international institutions and organizations so that they provide a safe, accessible and enabling environment for CHRDs.


Table of Contents



Child Human Rights Defender


Convention on the Rights of the Child


Children’s Rights Impact Assessment


Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities


Human Rights Defender


International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights


National Human Rights Institution


Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights


Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure


Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe


Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children 


Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict

The Committee

Committee on the Rights of the Child 

The Declaration or DHRD

The United Nations Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

The Special Rapporteur

Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders


United Nations